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粉煤灰加剧半浸泡混凝土硫酸盐侵蚀的研究
Accelerating Effect of Fly Ash on Damage of Concrete Partially Immersed to Sulfate Environment
投稿时间:2016-03-02  修订日期:2016-04-28
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1007 9629.2017.03.020
中文关键词:  粉煤灰  混凝土  硫酸盐化学侵蚀  物理盐结晶  加剧破坏
英文关键词:fly ash  concrete  chemical sulfate attack  physical sulfate attack  accelerating effect
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51378508)
              
作者单位
刘赞群
LIU Zanqun
中南大学土木工程学院,湖南长沙410075
School of Civil Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410075, China
李湘宁
LI Xiangning
中南大学土木工程学院,湖南长沙410075
School of Civil Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410075, China
侯乐
HOU Le
中南大学土木工程学院,湖南长沙410075
School of Civil Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410075, China
施斌林
SHI Binlin
中南大学土木工程学院,湖南长沙410075
School of Civil Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410075, China
邓德华
DENG Dehua
中南大学土木工程学院,湖南长沙410075
School of Civil Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410075, China
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中文摘要:
      在20℃,相对湿度60%的环境中,将粉煤灰掺量(质量分数)为10%,20%,30%的水泥净浆试件与纯水泥净浆试件半浸泡在质量分数为10%的硫酸钠溶液中进行侵蚀试验.结果表明:粉煤灰掺量30%的试件浸泡60d后在水分蒸发区全部断裂,而纯水泥净浆试件浸泡6个月后才全部断裂;掺入粉煤灰的试件水分蒸发区生成更多的钙矾石和石膏,并且生成量随着掺量的增加而增多,说明粉煤灰与硫酸钠发生了化学反应,其活性成分被水分蒸发区形成的高浓度硫酸盐离子激发使其比纯水泥净浆更不稳定、更容易破坏.
英文摘要:
      Pure cement and fly ash+cement pastes with replacement rates(by mass) of 10%, 20% and 30% were partially immersed in 10% sodium sulfate solution under environment condition of 20℃ and 60% RH. The results show that the evaporation zone of 30% fly ash+cement paste is severely broken after 60 days immersion, but pure cement paste is damaged until 6 months immersion. The XRD and DTG TG analysis results indicate that more expansive crystals of ettringite and gypsum are generated in evaporation zone of fly ash+cement paste, and more fly ash is added the more ettringite and gypsum crystals are generated. These expansive products are generated due to the pozzolanic activity of fly ash activated by the higher concentration of Na2SO4 solution caused by the accelerating effect of fly ash+cement paste.
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