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沥青混合料吸声性能
Sound Absorption Performance of Asphalt Mixture
投稿时间:2017-11-17  修订日期:2017-12-25
DOI:103969/j.issn.1007 9629201804017
中文关键词:  沥青混合料  吸声性能  吸声系数  传递函数法
英文关键词:asphalt mixture  sound absorption performance  sound absorption coefficient  transfer function method
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51478052);广东省交通运输厅科技计划项目(2013 01 002);湖南省交通运输厅科技计划项目(201202)
           
作者单位
王辉
WANG Hui
长沙理工大学交通运输工程学院,湖南长沙410114
School of Transportation Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha 410114, China
董欣雨
DONG Xinyu
长沙理工大学交通运输工程学院,湖南长沙410114
School of Transportation Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha 410114, China
邓乔
DENG Qiao
长沙理工大学交通运输工程学院,湖南长沙410114
School of Transportation Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha 410114, China
石磊
SHI Lei
长沙理工大学交通运输工程学院,湖南长沙410114
School of Transportation Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha 410114, China
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中文摘要:
      采用双传声器传递函数法测试骨架密实型橡胶沥青混合料(SDARC13)、沥青混凝土混合料(AC13)、玛蹄脂碎石沥青混合料(SMA13)与开级配抗滑磨耗沥青混合料(OGFC13)的吸声系数,研究了各沥青混合料级配类型、空隙率、厚度和噪声频率对其吸声性能的影响.结果表明:OGFC13沥青混合料空隙率大,吸声系数的峰值最大,厚度为6cm的OGFC13沥青混合料的吸声系数峰值可达083,表现出良好的吸声性能;掺入橡胶粉能够提高沥青混合料的吸声性能,SDARC13沥青混合料的吸声系数峰值高于AC13和SMA13沥青混合料;增加沥青混合料厚度会使其吸声系数峰值对应的频率向低频方向移动,说明沥青混合料厚度的增加有利于沥青混合料对低频率噪声的吸收.
英文摘要:
      The sound absorption coefficients of skeleton dense asphalt mixture(SDARC 13), AC 13, SMA 13 and open graded friction course(OGFC 13) asphalt mixture were tested by dual microphone of transfer function method. The influence of grade distribution type, air voids of asphalt mixture, thickness of specimen and noise frequency on the sound absorption performance of asphalt mixture was investigated. It is shown that the peak value of sound absorption coefficient of OGFC 13 asphalt mixture of large air void is higher than that of other asphalt mixtures. The sound absorption coefficient of OGFC 13 asphalt mixtures of 6cm thickness can reach a peak of 083, showing a good sound absorption performance. The sound absorption coefficient of the SDARC 13 is higher than that of AC 13 and SMA 13 The increase of the thickness of asphalt mixture will move the peak of acoustic absorption coefficient to the low frequency. It indicates that increase of material thickness is beneficial to the absorption of low frequency noise.
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