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珊瑚砂浆的力学性能与微观结构特征
Mechanical Properties and Microstructural Characteristics of Coral Sand Mortar
投稿时间:2018-11-24  修订日期:2019-03-04
DOI:103969/j.issn1007 9629202002004
中文关键词:  珊瑚砂  力学性能  体积稳定性  微观结构  氯离子
英文关键词:coral sand  mechanical property  volume stability  microstructure  chloride ion
基金项目:“十三五”国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFB0310100);湖北省重大专项研发计划(2018AAA001);固废资源化利用与节能建材国家重点实验室开放基金资助项目(SWR 2016 002)
              
作者单位
梅军帅
MEI Junshuai
武汉纺织大学材料科学与工程学院,湖北武汉430200
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430200, China
吴静
WU Jing
武汉纺织大学材料科学与工程学院,湖北武汉430200
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430200, China
王罗新
WANG Luoxin
武汉纺织大学材料科学与工程学院,湖北武汉430200
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430200, China
梅军鹏
MEI Junpeng
武汉理工大学硅酸盐建筑材料国家重点实验室,湖北武汉430070
State Key Laboratory for Silicate Building Materials, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
丁庆军
DING Qingjun
武汉理工大学硅酸盐建筑材料国家重点实验室,湖北武汉430070
State Key Laboratory for Silicate Building Materials, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
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中文摘要:
      研究了珊瑚砂水泥砂浆(珊瑚砂浆)的力学性能,以及复合矿物掺和料对珊瑚砂浆的改性作用,并与标准砂浆进行对比.采用扫描电子显微镜能量弥散X射线谱(SEMEDS)、X射线衍射(XRD)和傅里叶变换红外光谱(FTIR),对砂浆力学性能、体积稳定性和水化作用的微观机理进行了研究.结果表明:珊瑚砂浆的力学强度低于标准砂浆,加入复合矿物掺和料后可改善水泥石基体及界面过渡区的微观结构,提高珊瑚砂浆的力学性能,使其28d抗压强度较标准砂浆提高了21%;珊瑚砂凹凸不平的表面能与硬化水泥浆体形成紧密的啮合状态,有助于提高砂浆的体积稳定性;珊瑚砂的内养护作用使砂浆的力学性能和抵抗收缩能力得到了提高;粉煤灰和矿粉的微集料填充作用和火山灰效应,提高了珊瑚砂浆的力学性能和抗氯离子扩散能力;珊瑚砂持续释放出的Ca2+、Mg2+参与了水泥的水化反应,有助于生成更多的水化产物.
英文摘要:
      Compared with standard sand mortar, the physical and mechanical properties of coral sand mortar(coral mortar, for short), and the effects of mineral admixtures on the coral mortar were investigated. Scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X ray spectrometer(SEM EDS), X ray diffraction(XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer(FTIR) were used to explore the microscopic mechanism involved in the mechanical properties, volume stability and hydration of mortar. It is showed that mechanical strength of the coral mortar is lower than that of the standard sand mortar, and the microstructure of cement mortar and interface transition area are improved by the mineral admixture, also the mechanical strength of coral mortar is improved and its 28d compressive strength is increased by 21% as compared to the control. The uneven surface of coral sand can form a tight meshing state with hardened cement mortar, which is helpful to improve the volume stability of mortar. The internal curing effect of coral sand improves the mechanical properties and resistance to shrinkage of the mortar. Furthermore, micro aggregate filling effect and volcanic ash effect of fly ash and slag improve the mechanical properties and the ability to resist chloride ion diffusion of the coral mortar. The continuous release of Ca2+ and Mg2+ from coral sand is involved in the hydration reaction of cement and helps to generate more hydration products.
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