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热活化水化高铝水泥颗粒吸附氟化物行为研究
Behavior of Fluoride Adsorption onto Thermally DehydratedAluminate Cement Granules
投稿时间:2018-10-28  修订日期:2019-01-15
DOI:103969/j.issn1007 9629202002027
中文关键词:  热活化  水化高铝水泥  氟化物吸附  吸附特性
英文关键词:thermal activation  dehydrated aluminate cement  fluoride adsorption  adsorption characteristics
基金项目:陕西省科技统筹创新工程计划项目(2015KTZDSF 01 06);陕西省教育厅服务地方专项计划项目(14JF012)
              
作者单位
任勇翔
REN Yongxiang
西安建筑科技大学西北水资源与环境生态教育部重点实验室,陕西西安710055
Key Laboratory of Northwest Water Resource and Environment Ecology of Ministry of Education, Xian University of Architecture and Technology, Xian 710055, China
钱壮
QIAN Zhuang
西安建筑科技大学西北水资源与环境生态教育部重点实验室,陕西西安710055
Key Laboratory of Northwest Water Resource and Environment Ecology of Ministry of Education, Xian University of Architecture and Technology, Xian 710055, China
赵春玲
ZHAO Chunling
西安建筑科技大学西北水资源与环境生态教育部重点实验室,陕西西安710055
Key Laboratory of Northwest Water Resource and Environment Ecology of Ministry of Education, Xian University of Architecture and Technology, Xian 710055, China
程鹏
CHENG Peng
西安建筑科技大学西北水资源与环境生态教育部重点实验室,陕西西安710055
Key Laboratory of Northwest Water Resource and Environment Ecology of Ministry of Education, Xian University of Architecture and Technology, Xian 710055, China
杨垒
YANG Lei
西安建筑科技大学西北水资源与环境生态教育部重点实验室,陕西西安710055
Key Laboratory of Northwest Water Resource and Environment Ecology of Ministry of Education, Xian University of Architecture and Technology, Xian 710055, China
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中文摘要:
      对水化高铝水泥颗粒(ALC)进行热活化改性,制备成活化温度t不同的吸附剂(ALCt),研究了热活化温度、pH值、共存离子和离子强度等因素对ALCt吸附氟化物性能的影响,同时利用热重分析(TGA)、X射线衍射(XRD)、傅里叶转换红外光谱(FTIR)、扫描电镜(SEM)等分析了其表面形态、内部结构特征和吸附机理.结果表明:在25℃、pH=7、初始氟浓度100mg/L条件下,热活化温度为600℃的吸附剂ALC600平衡吸附量高达1742mg/g,且能在较宽的pH值范围(5~9)具有良好的除氟性能;共存离子Cl-、NO-3、SO2-4和离子强度对ALC600的吸附效果影响不明显;ALC600的吸附过程遵循准二级动力学模型,符合Langmuir等温线模型,其理论最大吸附容量为22372mg/g.结合吸附氟化物前后ALC600的晶体结构、化学键、表面形态的变化,确定其吸附机理是以化学吸附为主,通过内部络合和表面沉淀来实现氟离子的去除,同时也涉及离子交换和静电作用.
英文摘要:
      Effect of activation temperature, pH value, co existing anion and ionic strength on fluoride adsorption by the thermally dehydrated aluminate cement granules(ALC) were investigated, and TGA, XRD, FTIR, SEM were used to analyze their surface morphology, internal structure characteristics and adsorption mechanisms. The results show that the equilibrium adsorption capacity of ALC is higher than 1742mg/g at 25℃, the activation temperature of ALC is 600℃(ALC600), pH=7, and the initial fluoride concentration is 100mg/L. ALC600 can efficiently remove fluoride from water in a wide pH range of 59. Co existing anion(Cl-,NO-3 and SO2-4) and ionic strength do not evidently inhibit fluoride removing by ALC600. The adsorption processes can be fitted as pseudo second order model and Langmuir model, and maximum adsorption capacity is over 22372mg/g. According to the change of crystal structure, chemical bond and surface morphology of ALC600, the process of fluoride removed by ALC600 is mainly due to chemical adsorption, internal complexion and surface precipitation, the ion exchange and electrostatic interaction are also involved.
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