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微波场下微珠对碱激发粉煤灰早期力学性能的影响
Effect of Fly Ash Micro beads on the Early Age Mechanical Property of Alkali Activated Fly Ash Materials under Microwave Field
投稿时间:2019-03-09  修订日期:2019-03-29
DOI:103969/j.issn.1007 9629202004012
中文关键词:  碱激发粉煤灰  微珠  微波养护  力学性能  水化产物
英文关键词:alkali activated fly ash(AAFA)  micro bead  microwave curing  mechanical property  hydration product
基金项目:国家自然科学基金海外及港澳台学者合作研究基金资助项目(51828201);陕西省教育厅重点实验室访问学者项目(13JS058).
              
作者单位
李雪晨
LI Xuechen
西安建筑科技大学材料科学与工程学院,陕西西安710055
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Xian University of Architecture and Technology, Xian 710055, China
李辉
LI Hui
西安建筑科技大学材料科学与工程学院,陕西西安710055
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Xian University of Architecture and Technology, Xian 710055, China
白云
BAI Yun
伦敦大学学院土木、环境与测绘工程系,伦敦WC1E6BT
Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, the United Kingdom
朱绘美
ZHU Huimei
西安建筑科技大学材料科学与工程学院,陕西西安710055
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Xian University of Architecture and Technology, Xian 710055, China
乔沛
QIAO Pei
西安建筑科技大学材料科学与工程学院,陕西西安710055
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Xian University of Architecture and Technology, Xian 710055, China
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中文摘要:
      基于多级微波养护制度,在经浮选、磁选后的焙烧粉煤灰中掺入炭粒、漂珠和磁珠等微珠,研究微珠在微波场下的水化行为及其对碱激发粉煤灰基胶凝材料早期力学性能的影响,并采用X射线衍射(XRD)、傅里叶红外光谱(FTIR)、场发射扫描电子显微镜(FESEM)分析其微观结构.结果表明:掺加5%炭粒对微波养护碱激发粉煤灰基胶凝材料的早期抗压强度没有影响,5%漂珠和磁珠能够显著提升其早期抗压强度;微波养护试样中都生成了羟基方钠石和钠系菱沸石,炭粒、漂珠和磁珠均不会改变水化产物的类型;碱激发反应能够在结构中空的漂珠内外同时进行,因此可以适当缩短富含漂珠的碱激发粉煤灰试样的微波养护时间.
英文摘要:
      Based on the multi stage microwave curing regime, fly ash groups rich in various micro bead(carbon particle, floating bead and magnetic bead) were prepared in incorporation various micro bead into roasted fly ash, which were obtained by flotation, magnetic separation and roasting. The hydration behavior of the above micro beads under microwave field and its effect on the early mechanical properties of alkali activated fly ash based cementitious materials(AAFA) were studied. And microscopic of samples were analyzed by X ray diffraction(XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectrometer(FTIR) and field emission scanning electron microscope(FESEM). The results show that the incorporation of 5% carbon particle has little effect on the early age compressive strength of microwave cured alkali activated fly ash based cementitious materials, while the addition of 5% floating bead and magnetic bead can significantly enhance their early compressive strength. In all samples, hydrosodalite and chabazite Na form during microwave curing process. The addition of carbon particle, floating bead and magnetic bead has not cause the change of hydration products type of samples. The alkali activating reaction take place both inside and outside the hollow floating bead simultaneously, thus floating bead can shorten the microwave curing duration of the samples to reach its peak strength.
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